The History of the Moroccan Berber Rug
Berber rugs are basically the woven textiles, carpets, and weaved rugs which are traditionally hand-woven by the local Moroccans. These fibers were first woven by the primitive indigenous people of Morocco as the earliest Neolithic Age. In fact, these fibers were used by them to make sandals, belts, linings, cushion covers, and other clothing articles. Traditionally, Moroccan rugs were woven by tribe-run textile workers for their utility as opposed to for decorative purposes only. And even now, there are many variations and forms in designing these rugs based on various color and texture of yarns.
The weaving tradition of moroccan rugs is believed to have begun during the 12th century BC with the construction of the oases known as calcinites or dunes by nature. These oases were later to become the Sahara Desert. From the oases, the plants, seeds, fish, animals, and camelids were brought by traders from all over the Mediterranean and North Africa regions. These were primarily used to cultivate crops. And when Polo and others brought plants and seeds from Central Asia to Europe, these were also introduced to the morocco as they were very useful in raising camels and horses for transportation.
The caravan trade continued to flourish and so did the need for more efficient textiles. So, the morocco grew to accommodate more complex technologies such as weaving. In addition to that, invaders also invaded the region bringing different cultures and influenced the traditions of the local weavers. This resulted to the diversification of the patterns of the Berber rugs. Some of these were influenced by Arabic and Latin culture. Others adopted European designs and symbols.
However, the most commonly found berber rugs are still inspired by the oases of the Middle East. The most common motifs are animals such as donkeys, horse, sheep, deer, ostriches, etc. camels are also common. A more recent trend is to create a contemporary style of moroccan rugs that are made using synthetic materials.
When you go out to buy a berber rug, you can choose one that has a repeating pattern or one that doesn't. If you choose to buy one that has a repeating design, it is best if you get one that has some sort of symbolic meaning. Although there isn't exact significance behind the repeating pattern of the rug, it still symbolizes beauty, strength, fertility, long life, honor, etc. Some examples of rugs with this motif are ones that feature an eye pattern .
The weaving techniques used in making these rugs vary according to the type of the animal that is used as the motif. For example, there are some moroccan rugs that are made from goat skin. However, there are others that use the skin of both sheep and goats. The nomadic Berber tribes are one of the many groups that wear these kinds of rugs as their traditional home accessories.
These types of moroccan rugs can be categorized into two main sub-groups. These include the ones that are made from wool, which are also known as the classical berber rugs, while the synthetic ones are known as the Cushion weave or the Quarry woven rugs. There are also differences when it comes to the wefted ones. They are usually needle woven.
These kinds of morocco rugs can be seen all over North Africa. There are some people who even call the handmade rugs of north africa the Arabic handmade rugs. The rugs are known for their unique patterns and designs and are considered by many to be a symbol of the Moroccan culture. One of the most common characteristics of the rug is its ability to evoke a romantic feeling in anyone who sees it.